The Newham Story > Historical Newham

Stratford Time-Line

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Robert Rogers:
I was recently asked for some information on Startford for a planned item in our firms newsletter so I thought it may be of  interest to somebody.

Stratford Time-Line
History shows that there may have been signs of Human habitation to the area known Newham as far back as 440000BC. There have been remains of Stone and Iron Age man found around the waters edge of the Thames. There are even stories, more romantic than factually, of Roman War Galleys being pulled up in to the River Ham and the Crews remaining to become farmers in a Green and Fertile land.

The following is a historical time line for Stratford.

45AD - There is a mention of the `Strat` Ford on the Roman road from London to Colchester.

958 - The first written reference of the Stratford Langthorn (Meaning a Long Thorn).

1086 - West Ham mentioned in the Doomesday Book.

1100 - A Stone Bridge is built across the Channelsea River between Stratford-atte-Bow (later Bow) and Stratford Langthorne.

1135 - Abbey of St Mary, Stratford Langthorne, founded.

1247 – First Market set up in West Ham.

1538 - Abbey was dissolved by Henry VIII.

1556 – 13 People were burnt at the Stake on Stratford Green because of their Religious Believes. A memorial to them is in the Grounds of St Johns Church at Stratford Broadway.  

1648 - Battle of Stratford Turnpike (English Civil War)

1666 - 160 people killed by the Plague.

1681 – Turnpike set up at Abbey Mill

1724 - New Turnpike at Stratford high Street built by the Middlesex & Essex Turnpike Trust.

1723 - First Parish School set up by West Ham Church.

1725 - Stratford Parish Workhouse opened.

1749 - Bow Porcelain factory opened.

1780- Final remains of the Abbey removed.

1833 – Walter Hancock developed his Enterprise Steam Road Coach at his Depot in Stratford High Street. (He had patented the Coke Fired Steam Engine in 1827).

1837 - Eastern Counties Railway comes to Stratford.

1839 - First Railway workshop built at Stratford.

1846 - Freight Line opened from Stratford to Canning Town (Thames Wharf).

1847 - Passenger Railway Service begun to transport workers to the new industrial Areas created by the Railway extending down to the River Thames.
1847 - Railway Workshop opened at Stratford to build both Locomotives and carriages for the Great Eastern Railway.

1860- New Station built at Stratford Bridge and called Stratford Market (Note this old Station Building will be the Ticket Hall for the New Dockland Light Railway Stratford High Street Station.

1850 – Getta Percha Rubber Works opened on the site of the Old Work House.
This later became Crockets Leather Cloth Factory.

1861 - Stratford Cooperative Society Founded
1861 - West Ham, Stratford and South Essex Dispensary (later St Mary’s Hospital) opened.

1866 - Stratford Express Newspaper founded.

1869 - West Ham Town Hall, Stratford opened.
1869 - West Ham Fire Station Opened (a plaque to that effect can still be seen next to West Ham Town Hall.)

1871 - North Metropolitan Horse tram way service from Stratford to Aldgate begun.

1879 - Stratford Fruit & Vegetable Market opened.

1882 - Stratford Music Festival Founded.

1884 - Theatre Royal opened.

1886 - West Ham granted Charter of Incorporation as a Borough.

1891 – Great Eastern Railway Workshops set a new world record for Building a six-wheeled Coupled Locomotive and Tender.
1891 – Carpenters Guild of the City of London opened their Technical Institute at Stratford on ground they owned (that’s the reason for the Carpenters estate name).

1896 – Borough Theatre opened.
1896 – First Council Works Department Depot opened at Bridge Road.

1898 – Central Library opened
1898 – Empire Theatre opened.

1900 – Men of the 1st Essex Volunteers which was formed at Stratford of local men went of to fight the Boar War in South Africa.
1900 – Passmore Edwards Museum Opened

1901 – Temperance Hotel Built next to the Borough Theatre

1904 – West Ham Electric Tramway Service opened.
1904 – Yardleys Perfume Company Opened

1905 – Last Horse Tram run.

1914 – The temperance Hotel became the Officers Mess of the West Ham Battalion (know as the `West Ham Pals`), a part of the Essex Regiment.

1918 – Tank Day at Stratford Town Hall to encourage people to buy War-Bonds.
A Tank which was the new super-weapon was parked up outside the Town Hall.

1927 – Broadway Cinema Opened.

1930 – Riots in the Romford Road owing to the mass un-employment in the Area

1933 – Stratford High Street Improvement Scheme Opened.

1938 – Municipal Workshop for the Blind opened in West Ham Lane.

1940 – West Ham became a part of the battle front of World War Two as the London Blitz begun, with one of the first places to be bombed being the Council Depot at Bridge Road.
Both Firemen and Members of the ARP were killed in this raid on the 7th September.
There is a memorial to these Men at the modern Abbey Road Depot.

1946 – Central Line from Liverpool Street to Stratford Opened.

1953 - Stratford Tube Train Crash, 12 Killed.

1963 – Stratford Railway Works closed.

1964 – John F Kennedy School opened.
1964 – New Stratford Fire Station opened.

1967 – Stratford International Freight Terminal.

1965 – Newham Council formed

1967 – Civic Centre Opened.

1974 – Stratford Shopping Centre opened.

1982 – Major Fire at West Ham Town Hall.

1983 – Queen Mary’s Hospital Closed.

1986 – West Ham Council Centenary Celebrations.

1987 – The first Dockland Light Railway route arrived at Stratford.

1999 - The Jubilee Line opened its new Terminus and Workshops at Stratford.

2008 – The Euro-star Workshops was opened at Temple Mills, Stratford.

2011 – The Westfield Shopping Centre will open at Stratford.
2011 – The Dockland Light railway Olympic Extension to Stratford International Station to link up with the Javelin Trains coming through the Channel Tunnel will open.

2012 The whole world will be looking at Stratford for the 2012 Olympic Games.

Information from the Following Books, Newham Story, West Ham 1886-1986, West Ham 100  and my own knowledge.


poppy show:
hello roger
do you know anything about an ancient horse that was dug up in stratford?

Robert Rogers:
No, but remebering it was on the Roman road to Colchester, and was on the drove road for sheep coming down from Suffolk, I would imaging there was many animals both pack and for food that were buried along the route.

poppy show:
i think it had something to do with the jubilee line
Barry   .

I have really enjoyed reading your detailed time line.
Do you know where I can get any information on the army huts that were in Queen Street Stratford, close to Windmill and Angel Lane? Also any information about the bombing of Alma Street E15 in WW2 and the rehousing of families in nissan huts. Many thanks to all you read this.


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